Ralph M. Barnes, Motion and Time Study, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 1940
OPERATING-ROOM SETUP SHOWING TABLES FOR INSTRUMENTS AND SUPPLIES DESIGNED TO FACILITATE THE WORK OF THE SURGEON, HIS ASSISTANTS, AND THE NURSES
Contributed by Steven Wammack
The accepted operating room practice causes much useless motion and delay on the part of assistants and nurses in handling instruments and supplies. The redesigned arrangement shown eliminates many motions in that the instruments and supplies are on either side of the surgeon, enabling the nurses to face the operating table instead of turning around to procure necessary articles from tables ordinarily located behind them.